Research Article| Volume 9, ISSUE 6, P395-398, November 2005

Download started.


Bach flower remedies used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children—A prospective double blind controlled study



      To evaluate the effectiveness of Bach flower remedies in the treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in a double blind prospective controlled study.


      Fourty Children with ADHD, aged 7–11 years, diagnosed according to the DSM criteria, were randomised to Bach flower remedies or placebo treatments for a period of 3 months.
      Children's performance was evaluated by the teacher before commencement of treatment and subsequently each month during the study period.


      Bach flower remedies have no statistically significant effect when compared to placebo in the treatment of children with ADHD. There was a significant correlation between treatment duration's and improvement of performance, with no difference between the treatment group compared to the placebo.


      There is no statistically significant difference between the effects of Bach flower remedies compared with placebo in the treatment of children with ADHD.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to European Journal of Paediatric Neurology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


      1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.

        • Ciaranello R.D.
        Attention deficit–hyperactivity disorder and resistance to thyroid hormone—a new idea?.
        N Engl J Med. 1993; 328: 1038-1039
        • Robinson L.M.
        • Sclar D.A.
        • Skaer T.L.
        • Galin R.S.
        National trends in the prevalence of attention deficit–hyperactivity disorder and the prescribing of methylphenidate among school age children: 1990–1995.
        Clin Pediatr. 1999; 38: 209-217
        • Armstrong N.C.
        • Ernst E.
        A randomised, controlled, double blind, placebo controlled trial of a Bach flower remedy.
        Perfusion. 1999; 12: 440-446
        • Ernst E.
        Flower remedies: a systemic review of the clinical evidence.
        Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2002; 114: 963-966